Overconfident and Unconfident AI Hinder Human-AI Collaboration

posted in: reading | 0
As artificial intelligence (AI) advances, human-AI collaboration has become increasingly prevalent across both professional and everyday settings. In such collaboration, AI can express its confidence level about its performance, serving as a crucial indicator for humans to evaluate AI’s suggestions. However, AI may exhibit overconfidence or underconfidence–its expressed confidence is higher or lower than its actual performance–which may lead humans to mistakenly evaluate AI advice. Our study investigates the influences of AI’s overconfidence and underconfidence on human trust, their acceptance of AI suggestions, and collaboration outcomes. Our study reveal that disclosing AI confidence levels and performance feedback facilitates better recognition of AI confidence misalignments. However, participants tend to withhold their trust as perceiving such misalignments, leading to a rejection of AI suggestions and subsequently poorer performance in collaborative tasks. Conversely, without such information, participants struggle to identify misalignments, resulting in either the neglect of correct AI advice or the following of incorrect AI suggestions, adversely affecting collaboration. This study offers valuable insights for enhancing human-AI collaboration by underscoring the importance of aligning AI’s expressed confidence with its actual performance and the necessity of calibrating human trust towards AI confidence.

Ryan Watkins