This work presents a systematic review of recent efforts (since 2010) aimed at automatic analysis of nonverbal cues displayed in face-to-face co-located human-human social interactions. The main reason for focusing on nonverbal cues is that these are the physical, machine detectable traces of social and psychological phenomena. Therefore, detecting and understanding nonverbal cues means, at least to a certain extent, to detect and understand social and psychological phenomena. The covered topics are categorized into three as: a) modeling social traits, such as leadership, dominance, personality traits, b) social role recognition and social relations detection and c) interaction dynamics analysis in terms of group cohesion, empathy, rapport and so forth. We target the co-located interactions, in which the interactants are always humans. The survey covers a wide spectrum of settings and scenarios, including free-standing interactions, meetings, indoor and outdoor social exchanges, dyadic conversations, and crowd dynamics. For each of them, the survey considers the three main elements of nonverbal cues analysis, namely data, sensing approaches and computational methodologies. The goal is to highlight the main advances of the last decade, to point out existing limitations, and to outline future directions.
Latest posts by Ryan Watkins (see all)
- AI Transparency in the Age of LLMs: A Human-Centered Research Roadmap - September 22, 2023
- The Robotic Herd: Using Human-Bot Interactions to Explore Irrational Herding - September 22, 2023
- Human-AI Interactions and Societal Pitfalls - September 19, 2023